African Development Bank Group Unveils Historic Africa Visa Openness Index 2023

Africa Visa Openness Index

A record-breaking surge in Africa’s Visa Openness Index sees Rwanda leading the way, eliminating visa requirements for all Africans. West Africa, spearheaded by ECOWAS, plays a pivotal role, while recommendations focus on sustained progress for an integrated and prosperous Africa.


Africa is breaking barriers with unprecedented visa openness, marking a significant shift post-COVID-19. In a stride toward seamless travel and trade, Rwanda stands out, offering visa-free access to all Africans.

Africa Visa Openness Index 2023

Here the statistics from Africa Visa Openness Index 2023;

AVOI: Rwanda Emerges as a Visa-Free Champion in 2023

Rwanda, a beacon of progress, abolished visa requirements for all African citizens, easing travel burdens. This achievement propels Africa’s Visa Openness Index (AVOI) to its highest level in 2023, surpassing pre-pandemic norms.


Despite pandemic-induced travel restrictions in 2022, 50 countries improved or maintained their 2022 AVOI score. Africa, undeterred, showcases resilience with only four nations recording a decline.


Africa’s strides extend beyond visas – it features four champions (Rwanda, Benin, The Gambia, Seychelles), eliminating all visa requirements for African travelers. Moreover, in 2023, the AVOI reached its zenith, signaling a brighter era for cross-border movement.


AVOI: West Africa Leads: ECOWAS Sets the Pace

West African countries dominate the AVOI rankings, with seven of the top ten performers hailing from the region. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) emerges as a leader, boasting the highest average regional AVOI score and a remarkable 97% visa-free reciprocity rate.

Recommendations for Future Progress

As Africa surges forward, challenges remain. Recommendations include implementing regional commitments, extending visa-free policies, streamlining procedures, and expanding secure e-visa systems. These also measures align with the vision of a prosperous, integrated Africa.

Unlocking AfCFTA’s Potential Through Visa Openness

Visa openness is pivotal for the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). Progress hinges on people’s ability to cross borders effortlessly. With 47 AU member states ratifying AfCFTA, the focus on seamless movement is crucial for unlocking the continent’s economic potential.

Conclusion: Towards an Integrated Africa

Africa’s journey towards integration gains momentum. The flourishing trade in goods and services is intricately linked to visa liberalization. As borders open, trade prospers, marking a significant step closer to the ‘Africa We Want.’

About the Africa Visa Openness Index

The Africa Visa Openness Index measures the extent to which African countries are open to travellers from other African countries. Published yearly since 2016, the AVOI tracks changes in countries’ scores over time to show how national policies evolve on the freedom of movement across Africa. Download the 2023 Africa Visa Openness Report here.

About the African Development Bank Group

The African Development Bank Group (AfDB) is Africa’s premier development finance institution. It comprises three distinct entities: the African Development Bank (ADB), the African Development Fund (ADF) and the Nigeria Trust Fund (NTF). With country offices in 34 African countries and an external office in Japan, the AfDB contributes to the economic development and social progress of all its 54 regional member states in Africa. For more information: